Nature is always there, right outside your door. Filled to the brim with creatures, plants, and fungi of all shapes and sizes, it’s a bountiful place to explore and work to understand.
Science is the systematic study of the natural world using observation and experimentation over time. We’re big fans of science, and we think that everyone can and should be involved. Community science is what happens when everyone gets involved in the research—it’s conducted by everyday people who partner with scientists to gather data or even help shape the studies.
You might have heard of community science being referred to as citizen science. As our VP of Science, Equity, and Education Joanne Jones-Rizzi says, “We want every person to feel they can participate in our programs, so we are using the term community science instead of citizen science.”
Right now is the perfect time to participate in community science. Not only is April National Citizen Science Month, but many of us are finding solace outdoors during social distancing. Observing the natural world is the perfect opportunity to expand your knowledge, get active, and have fun.
How does community science work?
Community science is for all ages and typically involves taking photos, recording videos, or taking standardized measurements to gather data for a project. Quality is key for data, and that doesn’t change when non-scientists are gathering it! Anyone of any age can participate, but like any activity, having a parent or guardian present is recommended for younger children. The biggest benefit of community science is that the more people get involved, the more data is collected. Community science is just the beginning—getting involved can lead you to ask many more questions about the natural world and spark even further exploration beyond your backyard or local park.
There are tons of community science projects out there, from surveying bumble bees in your local park to collecting water samples from a stream or river. We’ll be diving into some of our favorite community science discoveries, the Science Museum’s own community scientists, and even more ways to get involved.
Meet (Community) Science Superheroes
Some significant discoveries have happened because everyday people helped gather information.
One of the best examples is the story of Andrew Grey, an amateur astronomer, who tag-teamed with professional scientists and helped discover a new star with four orbiting planets outside of our solar system. Andrew’s discovery of this new exoplanet system goes to show that great breakthroughs can happen when amateur scientists and professionals come together and expand what we all understand about the universe.
Another feat is the continued curation and data collection of iNaturalist, an app and community of over one million scientists, naturalists, and hobbyists, created by the California Academy of Sciences and the National Geographic Society. iNaturalist is an accessible, easy-to-use network that helps connect people to nature and inspire curiosity for the outdoors by encouraging users to share their photos and help identify animals, plants, and fungi around the world.
While we have Science Superheroes who work in our labs and collections as professional scientists, we also have Community Science Superheroes. They work on science projects as a hobby or in their spare time.
One of our most notable Community Science Superheroes is Amber Burnette, executive assistant to the VP of museum experiences. She has an amazing community science interest: birding. You might have read her how-to on telling common Minnesotan woodpeckers apart, but what you might not know is that she is a permitted bird-bander, which means she can help identify and band birds with nature centers in Minnesota, and she has extensive experience with habitat-related fieldwork, specifically with grasslands.
Amber feels that birding brings a lot of excitement to her life, saying “I feel like birds are teaching me something every single day. I love how taking part in observations of our shared world with birds gives me a sense of the annual cycle. Phenology [the study of seasonal lifecycle events] is a huge part of this. Right now, us bird-nerds are recording and noting "FOYs" (First of the Years) for species that we see moving through the area. Literally every day is a chance to make a "new discovery" of who flew in overnight. It's better than any Christmas morning I had as a kid.”
Do you want to feel like Amber does when she makes a new discovery? Read on for tips on getting involved.
How you can get involved with community science
Community science is for everyone, no matter how much or how little you know about the subject you’d like to study. To find projects and activities, we recommend searching SciStarter’s community science project database. It has thousands of current projects of all kinds, whether you’re into rocks, birds, bugs, water, or something in-between. Many community science projects are location-specific, and the database allows you to sort by location to ensure that you can participate in the study.
If you’re looking for Minnesota-specific community science activities, the University of Minnesota Extension has a list of local projects, with most of them focusing on animals and plants.
For broader forums to communicate and share information with other community scientists (or if you can’t leave your home due to the COVID-19 social distancing protocol), we suggest the following free apps and websites:
- eBird - Share your bird watching finds
- Globe at Night - Record data on light pollution and learn about astronomy
- iNaturalist - Share images from the natural world with others and identify organisms
- Journey North - Spot a monarch butterfly? Report it here to help track their migration
- Meteor Counter - NASA’s app for counting meteors
- Project Noah - Set up your own community science project
- Marine Debris Tracker - Track marine waste around the US
- Zooniverse - Support research around the world
No shortage of inspiration
Community science is great for so many reasons: It encourages exploration, new ways of thinking, and establishes a better understanding of humanity’s close connection to nature. And for the younger community scientists out there, it can spark a lifetime of science learning.
As Amber says, “I love that there are so many projects and programs and ways that a family or an individual can feel like they are meaningfully contributing to something they care about. It is a way to engage and learn, but also give back.”
Protecting our environments to make sure they’re here for future generations is a kind of community science, too. Learn more about the actions you can take that make a meaningful difference.
Have you participated in a community science project? Share it with us on social media using #ShareYourDiscovery and tag us in your photos.