Cuneiform Collection - SMM 7 | Science Museum of Minnesota

Cuneiform Collection - SMM 7

For transliteration, translations, and discussions on the individual texts, click on the links below.

Museum #: SMM 14/24 (14/7) Period: Ur III dynasty, ca. 21st cen. BCE
Publ. #: SET 266 Date: Amar-Suen, year 7, month 1; ca. 21st cen. BCE
Acquired from: C. Ames, 1915 Provenience: Umma (Jokha), Iraq
Sumer-Southern Mesopotamia
(view map)
Measurements: H 40, W 42, Th 14 mm* Culture: Sumerian
Condition: Intact; baked Language: Sumerian
Description: Cuneiform tablet, with seal impression. Record of field to be harvested

Transliteration: Translation:
obv. 1. 3 gán še še-gur10-a 1. 3 acres barley, for harvest,
2.a-šà gišma-nu 2. Field of the Ash Trees
3. Dada sipa ša 3. Dada, the swineherd
4. kišib Lugal-é-ma-
e lo.e. (Blank)
4. Seal(Ed by) Lugal-emae
rev. 5. iti še-gur10-ku5
(seal impression)
5. Month of barley harvest,
6. mu u-u-nu-ri
6. year Huhnuri was destroyed.

Seal legend:
1. Lugal-é-ma-e 1. Lugal-emae,
2. dub – sar 2. scribe,
3. dumu Lugal-kù-ga-ni 3. son of Lugal-kugani

Click on picture for larger view

cuneiform inscription

cuneiform inscription

cuneiform inscription


According to this tablet, Dada the swineherd was responsible for harvesting three acres planted in barley, located within a tract of arable land in the area of Umma which was called “Field of the Ash-Trees.” ** Lugal-emae, son of Lugal-kugani, sealed this and many other tablets concerning agricultural work.†

* Measurements of seal impression:

  • height of seal impression – 25.5 mm.
  • height of seal legend – 24.5 mm.
  • width of seal legend – 15 mm.

** Attestations of this tract are collected in G. Pettinato, Untersuchungen zur neusumerischen Landwirtschaft I (Napoli: Instituto Orientale di Napoli, 1967), Part 2, no. 567, pp. 81-3; identification of gišma-nu as the Syrian ash courtesy M. Civil, personal communication.

† See the list under seal no. 442.1 in R. Mayr's catalogue, Seal Impressions of Ur III Umma, pp. 345-7.